Scientific name: Matricaria recutita L.
English names: Wild chamomile, Bitter chamomile, Common chamomile
Farsi names: Babooneh, Babooneh darooi, Babooneh almani.
Arabic names: Oqhowan, Al-baboonaj, Tofah al-arz
This type of plant belongs to the Astreaceae family and the height of this plant varies between 30 to 70 cm. The flower of this plant has medicinal uses and its active substance is essential oil, which contains the compounds of camazoline, bisabolol oxide and farnesene.
This type of plant has many medicinal applications, Such as:
• Reducing pain and problems caused by wounds and burns
• Treatment of skin varicose veins
• Antifungal and antiseptic
• Antispasmodic and stomach tonic and sedative
• Sore throat and cold
• Reduce anxiety and depression
• Improve the function of the digestive system
• Antibacterial properties
This beautiful and fragrant plant is native to western and southern Europe and northern and western Asia, but today it is widely distributed in Europe, Asia, Africa, America and Australia, and is also abundant in western Iran. It is found today in most parts of Iran, including Khorramabad, Doroud, Andimeshk, Haftgol, Shushtar, Ramhormoz, Ramshir, Izeh, Tehran, Kohkiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad.