Scientific name: Bunium persicum (Boiss) B.Fedtsch
Persian name: Persian black cumin, mountain cumin, Kermani cumin
English names: Wild caraway, Black caraway, Black cumin
Arabic name: commune
Persian black cumin belongs to the Apiceae family.
The fruit of this plant has medicinal uses.
The essential oils of this plant contain the compounds monoterpene myrcene, gamaterpinene, paracetamol, cumin aldehyde, carole and caronoxide.
This plant is used to treat respiratory diseases such as asthma and bronchitis, strengthens the immune system, increases the amount of milk in breastfeeding mothers, is soothing and reduces high blood pressure in people with high blood pressure.
This plant is native to the central regions of the Middle East, especially Iran, India, Pakistan and Kashmir.